Icici Bank Sells Terminals Of Card Payment

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ICICI Bank has concluded the sale of its network of electronic point of sales (PoS) terminals that accept Credit Card and Debit Card payments to First Data Corporation (FDC). The bank has hived off its network of over 1.5 lakh electronic swipe machines to a separate company ICICI Merchant Services. First Data has bought an 81% stake in the company which has been valued at a little over $90 million.

When contacted, ICICI Bank refused to comment on the transaction. The bank has, however, communicated to merchants having ICICI Bank terminals that the PoS network has been transferred to ICICI Merchant Services. First Data, along with partner banks, is keen to proliferate payment transactions not just at top retailers but also through small cities or towns in India, said Amrish Rau, country manager, First Data Corporation.

Referring to the transaction with ICICI Bank, Mr Rau said an announcement would be made in due course. Mr Rau, who represents First Data in the country, is likely to head the new payments company. First Data is a US-based company that has been created after banks farmed out their back office processing systems into a separate company. FDC is presently owned by private equity giant KKR.

The Reserve Bank of India has already given clearance for the deal. According to banking sources, the deal value has gone up after RBI said that merchant establishments, including grocery stores and supermarkets, could swipe customer cards and offer them cash.

In addition to unlocking value, ICICI Bank expects that the specialised company will bring down transactions costs and also grow the payment network more efficiently. This is the first time that an Indian bank has hived off its PoS terminal network.

So far it has been foreign banks that have outsourced these functions but their network is of much smaller scale.

ICICI Merchant Services will earn a fee every time a credit cards or debit cards transaction is processed through the point of sale network. The fee is usually borne by the merchant and a large part of it goes to the card issuing bank. This is in lieu of the credit that the issuing bank extends to the cardholder until the end of the billing cycle. A smaller part of the commission goes to the bank owning the PoS terminal (acquiring bank) and smaller portion to the payment company Mastercard or Visa.

Incidentally, State Bank of India has for some time expressed its intention to set up a network of half a million point of sales terminals. To build this network the bank had earlier sought partners. However, the project was shelved as the bank decided to take a more holistic approach of its payments business.

The New Zealand Banking System – Strengths and Weaknesses

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New Zealand enjoys a modern and efficient banking system, one that is open and transparent, and easy to use. New Zealand banks, with one exception, are Australian-owned, which effectively makes them branches of their Australian parent banks.

This has turned out for the benefit of the New Zealand banking industry because as the Australian economy has remained very strong during the GFC, the banking system in both New Zealand and Australia has remained very liquid. In other words, New Zealand has to a large extent escaped the effects of the financial melt-down of the banking system that many Northern Hemisphere countries have experience over the last 5 or 6 years.

Employment has remained quite strong in Australia and New Zealand over the last 5 years, despite the recession, with unemployment peaking at around 7 % in New Zealand and 6 % in Australia. As a result, New Zealand banks have continued to lend during this period, enabling businesses access to bank finance, and home buyers to be able to buy housing. As a result, the property market has now returned to where it was 5 years ago, and continues to grow at a steady pace.

The other advantage of a strong banking system is that new immigrants to New Zealand have been able to enter the country under the business visa scheme which has been helped by banks being willing to provide loan finance of up to 50 % of the purchase price of a New Zealand business. This in turn has resulted in these new immigrants bringing money into the country, and this has helped our currency to remain quite high.

The flip-side of a strong New Zealand banking system, is that because interest rates have remained high by world standards (retail rates around 5 % / term deposits around 3 % ), this has contributed to a strong New Zealand currency that has made it harder for exporters to compete on the world stage. In fact the New Zealand dollar has appreciated against most other currencies – for example about 80 % against the US dollar, over the last 30 years. This has made it easier for New Zealand banks to attract funds from the likes of Japanese pension funds where bank deposit rates are much lower (around zero).

Economists remain quite bullish towards the New Zealand economy for the above reasons, but also for the fact that it is a well-governed, progressive and diversified economy, with agriculture as its mainstay. In fact New Zealand’s ability to produce high-quality food products puts it in a strong position to take advantage of the increasing wealth of Asia and their growing demand for food. This is likely to cause the New Zealand banking industry to remain in good heart for the foreseeable future. If you are looking to immigrate to New Zealand and needing to transfer money into New Zealand, we are able to help you with this.

Roger Hamilton An Entrepreneur of Entrepreneurship

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We always have a common bewilderment towards the successful entrepreneurs, -What are the ingredients that create their success?- Each one of them will have their own notions, but there are few customary things such as hard work, endurance, patience, and so on. But in recent years there is one more addition to this that is common among entrepreneur’s list. It is a name called Roger Hamilton, for he shows you the right path to apply these values and motivates to succeed.

The prime step towards success is to find out where you can succeed. And for that you need to find out where your interests lie. This is the first thing, but yet the hardest thing. There are people who would have been an eminently successful person instead they are mere failures. This is just because they did not know their right course and this still would be a mystery to them. But this is not going to happen again as now we are blessed with the right tool to unravel our interests.-The Wealth Dynamics system- created by Roger Hamilton.

Wealth Dynamics system is a tool which conducts psychometric tests to find out the right path to create wealth. Though there is a pool of such tests available now none of them could match with the wealth dynamic system as it is has been designed by the master and is accurate. People who take up this test feel indebted to our genius because it gives vision with absolute clarity to set your goal. The unique aspect of our master is he just not gives you an idea, but he also helps you to devise a plan to implement it.

The glory of the Wealth Dynamic System instantly spread across the whole world and so did the creator’s name. Today he has been crowned as a wizard and is a renowned speaker in wealth dynamics creation all over the world. He is also a co-founder of the world’s largest social network of entrepreneurs -The XL Group-. He often conducts workshops in order to shape the minds of the individuals and has been extremely successful in it. Not only the people who attended his work shop, but even the ones who got a chance to listen and read his thoughts have scaled great heights. Later they’ve revealed that their time with Roger Hamilton was the decisive moment of their life.

For more information regarding Roger Hamilton, please visit www.roger-hamilton.net

TANNAN’S BANKING LAW AND PRACTICE IN INDIA

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TANNAN’S BANKING LAW AND PRACTICE IN INDIA- is a classic legal Treatise and most comprehensive, authentic, authoritative, widely acclaimed,appreciated, recognised and recommended masterwork on the Banking Law and Practice in India since decades, to be precise since 84 years of thefirst edition of this most prestigious book in 1926.

TANNAN’S BANKING is undoubtedly one of the best in the Banking Law field. Every edition of this book has sold like proverbial hot cakes, pointingclearly to its scholastic wealth on the subject, its deft handling by the authors its usefulness, utility and eventually the popularity of the book in the field.

TANNAN’S BANKING in its every edition is eagerly awaited and widely welcomed by the people in the Banking Law field. Present edition is nowreleased with the pride and glory of the previous editions. It is a unique and authentic publication of its kind, authored by a renowned personality, having tremendous knowledge and authority over the subject. New edition is completely revised and updated. The present Revised and Enlarged edition contains 76 Chapters covering entire spectrum of Banking Law and Practice. It contains most upto-date Statute Laws, Case Laws and RBI Master Circulars, Guidelines and Directions and other related matters annotated under appropriate discussions.

TANNAN’S BANKING has always been prescribed and recommended by Indian Institute of Banking and Finance (IIBF), Promotion Tests, Internal andother Exams and is cited and quoted by Hon’ble Supreme Court, High Courts and Tribunals in various judgments.

This most authoritative Treatise is an indispensable guide and reference work for the Banks and Financial Institutions (FIs), Legal Officers, BankingExperts, Branch Managers, Bankers for Promotion Tests, Internal exams, exams conducted by the Indian Institute of Banking and Finance (IIBS), other Universities and Management Institutes, Staff Training Colleges, Law Colleges, Commerce Colleges, Professors of Banking, Academicians, Chartered Accountants, Practitioners, Advocates, Lawyers, Hon’ble Courts, Judges, Bench and the Bar.

www.lexisnexis.in

About Investment Banking and Why You Should Seek Expert Help For It

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Investment banking is a widely accepted phenomenon presently, the major reason being expert advice provided at every step you need to take. Financial giants take the responsibility of making sure your money grows avoiding the risk of down fall. Today every person at some point or the other thinks about investing some amount of money in the stock market. A major worry of all these people is the uncertainty; investment banking beats these blues and offers best possible investment advice to its customers.

A major chunk of people involved in investment banking do not have the time to keep an eye on the ever changing markets and track their returns. In such cases arises the need for investment banking services. These companies do all the hard work of market research and analysis and advice investors on where to put their money for maximum returns. This also depends upon the amount of money the person is willing to investment.

There are many sectors in which investment banking is being carried out, few of them include retail healthcare, insurance and automobiles. Another emerging trend in this banking is that of equity investments. Equity investment banking is based on the dividends of the existing shares an individual holds. There are expert advisors who guide the movement of funds here as well so that there are no last moment disappointing surprises.

When it comes to investing money not all have the perfect knack hence it is always good to seek help of an expert investment banking company or equity investment banking services. Money after all is a crucial issue and you would always want to see it grow systematically. Another advantage of investment experts is they help you understand the market well. You get to know where your money is going and the reason behind it too. These services do come with at some extra cost but are sure to give you peaceful night sleeps and not make check the stock market prices every now and then. Let the experts do their job so that you can relax and reap the benefits.

Choosing the right financial advisor is also important in such cases. Also reading the fine print before finalizing anything is advised as there are many terms and conditions that come along with investment banking. You can take reviews of family members, friends, colleagues etc in deciding which and choose. There are numerous financial institutions and each one of them is offering investment banking services due to its rising demand.

What Is The Role Of A Trade Union

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Most people have heard of trade unions, especially when they appear in the news in connection with teachers’ strikes and such matters, but quite often people do not fully understand the purpose of a trade union, who they represent, and the possible benefits of belonging to a trade union. Do you have to join a trade union? Will you be penalised by your employer if you do? How can a trade union help you? This article seeks to address some of these questions and takes a brief look into the overall role of trade unions.

A trade union is a membership organisation that seeks to help and protect its members in the working environment. Although trade union representatives try to establish and maintain good working relationships with employers – and indeed between their members and those members’ employers – most trade unions are independent of any specific employer.

A trade union will seek to help its members in a whole manner of situations. They may negotiate favourable pay and working conditions for their members and discuss and advice on any big changes taking place in the working environment (such as mass redundancy). They will also talk over with their members any concerns they may have about their working environment and help them to find a solution, accompany them in disciplinary matters and at employment tribunals and provide them with legal and financial advice where needed.

Trade unions may also provide protection and representation for their members outside of the workplace. For example, they may try and place pressure on the government or public bodies to make changes which will benefit their members or may seek to promote their members’ rights and objectives in other ways.

By law, an employer cannot penalise an employee for deciding to join a trade union, deciding not to join a trade union, or deciding to leave a union of which they were previously a member. The decision is entirely up to the employee and they must not be made to feel any pressure about their decision by their employer.

In conclusion, many workers join a trade union because they believe they will be able to negotiate better pay and terms and conditions, they will have access to training for new skills, they feel confident that they will have somebody to turn to – who has their best interests in mind – who will be able to help them with any problems at work. They are also attracted by the prospect of lifelong legal and financial advice that will be made available to them. If you are interested in a joining a trade union you should look for information in your work handbook or contact the TUC for details of your local union.

Copyright (c) 2011 Robert Gray

Entrepreneur Success And Your Expectations

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If you are ready to make a change in yourself and start being an entrepreneur success the change has to first take place from you. A positive mental attitude and the desire to take action are critical success factors for your entrepreneur success.

What separates an entrepreneur success and someone who wishes to be a success? Why does one person make something work and another just let it go?

The difference is that the successful entrepreneur expects that whatever they do and devote themselves to will work out. They have a positive attitude. Their expectations are geared to the inevitable success that they will have, and they will do what they need to do so that their venture will succeed. The unsuccessful hopefuls dream of success and hope that something will happen to them so that success is given to them. Success never lands on our feet without us doing something for its achievement.

If you see an opportunity you have to embrace it and take the nessesary action. There is a law of give and receive that says you first have to give before you can expect to recieve, you have to plant your seeds before you can get the benefits.

What we all encounter in the world is a reflection of all that we put out with our thoughts. If you give a poor attitude and expect nothing to work out then that will be your experience, and if your attitude is of great expectation and positive to others then your experience becomes very different.

It is your attitude lets us encounter what we call luck breaks. Lucky breaks are simply a process of favorable events and discoveries that have opened up to us. By getting the right attitude that enables us to see them more and act on them more.

Whatever is in your mind you will translate into your physical reality, whether you have great expectations or none at all, whatever you think about will be true for you. Put your mind to work on what you really want and not what you don’t want, focus on what you want to be and not what you don’t want to be.

It is your attitude that will form your future when you start your business, whatever it is. You need to understand what business you would love to do, and what your plan is, but it is you that will take you to entrepreneur success.

Finance Will Become Lovable Subject For The Learners

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Foreclosure Tax Sales, Loan Modification, Delaying A Sheriff Sale, And More

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Foreclosures for unpaid property taxes vary widely by state and county. Sometimes the house is auctioned off to satisfy the taxes. Other times, a lien or certificate is sold to the high bidder. And in some areas, no sale is conducted and the property is simply transferred from the homeowner to the county or other tax agency. In most jurisdictions, homeowners have the right to redeem their property after the auction for delinquent taxes.

The following are some defenses homeowners can still raise after a sheriff sale to delay or challenge the foreclosure process and auction:

* Irregularity in conducting the sale
* Sale price at auction was grossly inadequate
* Homeowners did not receive notice as required
* Sheriff sale was not advertised as required

Any physical problems with a property make proceeding with a foreclosure much less desirable for lenders. An appraisal, Broker’s Price Opinion, or other type of valuation from a trustworthy source should be included with any workout proposal, loan modification, or short sale request homeowners make if there are deficiencies in the condition of the house.

If borrowers run into a brick wall dealing with the mortgage servicing company, they can go a step above and contact the holder of the loan. Large banks, institutional lenders, Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac, among others, will often push a servicer to intervene and work out a solution with homeowners to stop foreclosure, modify a loan, or delay a sheriff sale.

Most people think that Wall Street was primarily responsible for securitizing junk loans and unleashing the subprime crisis. In reality, though, over 50% of mortgage securitizations are guaranteed or issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (two government-sponsored enterprises), or Ginnie Mae (Government National Mortgage Association).

In a mortgage modification or other workout agreement, it is always easier to negotiate down interest charges, late fees, and other unexpended costs to the lender. These are costs the lender has not paid out of pocket, but has instead just tacked onto the loan balance. They can and should be negotiated away.

According to the Truth in Lending Act, homeowners can request their mortgage servicer to identify for them the person or company or organization that holds the mortgage. The servicer must comply with this request.

Sometimes homeowners are able to delay a sheriff sale over and over again. While this seems a little counter-intuitive, if the lender does not accept the request for a postponement, it may face liability for acting in bad faith. Pursuing foreclosure and using the courts is usually considered the last option, and if the owners are working on a mortgage modification or short sale, for instance, the county auction can be called off relatively easily.

Franchise Opportunities In India

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Franchised operations in India are increasing by the day. Being geographically vast and culturally diverse, India offers the most favorable franchising environment. While companies benefit by having many profit making outlets in different parts of the country, franchisees in India benefit by being able to generate good returns with little investment and risk involved. Entrepreneurs are making the most of India’s franchising market and growing economy by becoming successful franchisees. Indian franchisees can now choose from a plethora of international as well as domestic franchising companies. There are numerous attractive franchising options available in various sectors.

Ever since the franchising boom in the nineties, there have been many success stories. Franchisees in India helped many businesses grow and establish, while also gaining immensely from their business ventures. Examples of international franchises that have been successful in India include food and beverages giants such as Subway, Mc Donald’s and Kentucky Fried Chicken among others. Indian companies that have benefited from franchising include names such as Barista, MRF, NIIT and Apollo hospitals among others. It’s not just the bigger companies; smaller international and domestic companies also look for franchisees in India. The capital required for such ventures would be smaller when compared to highly reputed companies. The downside however, is that the risks are more, since you cannot ride on the popularity wave generated by the reputed companies.

Depending on your choice of business, you can either work from home or from an outside location. The initial capital you may require to start a franchising venture will depend on the type of business and the franchisor’s requirements. Most home-based franchise options are suited for work-at-home women. Cosmetics, healthcare products, services, home business household products and e-commerce ventures, make for convenient yet rewarding franchising options. Franchisors provide training and support and your business can gain from the image and professionalism of the franchising company.

Franchising allows entrepreneurs to have their own business, without many of the risks associated with a start-up business. Franchising also offers you great income and a flexible work style. But, as a potential franchise purchaser, you need to carefully consider the finances and risks associated, prior to starting your business. Read Franchise Plus to learn about the benefits, profits and risks associated with franchising in India. We help you make an informed franchising decision for a successful franchising venture in India.